In this lesson you’ll learn how the meanings and constructions of the continuous and perfect tenses are used together with the present tense as the present perfect continuous.
Exercise: Present Perfect Continuous or Perfect or Simple or Past Continuous?
- Situation: When you meet your friend, you see that his clothes are covered with dust and pieces of dried leaves and grass. You’re curious to know why, so you ask: (what / you / to do) ‘________________________________________?’
show answerWhat were you doing!
- Situation: You make a new acquaintance. She tells you that she plays guitar. You think this is very interesting. So you ask her: (how long/ you/ to play / guitar) ‘________________________________________?’
show answerHow long have you played guitar OR How long have you been playing guitar
- Situation: You get to the football/soccer game late. You meet your friend there who has been there since the game started. You want to know the score. You start by asking him: (how many / points / our team / to score / so far) ‘________________________________________?’
show answerHow many points has our team scored so far
- Situation: You had plans to meet a friend in front of a city monument. When you get there you see that she is already there……Variation 1: As soon as you get close enough for her to hear you, you ask: (you / to wait / for long) ‘________________________________________?’ …Variation 2: You say hello and start walking toward a cafe together. A few minutes later you remember that she was already there when you got there and ask: (you / to wait / long) ‘________________________________________?’
show answerHave you waited for long OR Have you been waiting for long
show answerWere you waiting for long
- Situation: One of your parents friends is well travelled and has lived in several places abroad. You would like to study in another country and are not sure about which to choose, so your parents arrange a conversation between you and this man so that you could hear his advice and recommendations. You talk to him, you think what he has to say is useful, and some time passes……Variation 1: You haven’t made a decision yet and are still thinking about what to do. You run into him by chance in the city. He asks you if you have decided where to study. You answer him: ______________________ (I / to think) about what you said, but I still haven’t made up my mind!’ …Variation 2: You decide which country to study in, apply to a program there, are accepted, sign a contract, and make all arrangements. You run into him by chance in the city. He asks you if you have decided where to study. You answer him: Yes, ______________________ (I / to think) about what you said, and am going to study in Zimbabwe!’
show answerI have been thinking
show answerI thought